Civil society organizations (CSOs) are at the heart of Turkey's democratization process. Today there are more than 109,000 associations and 5,075 new foundations (established after the Republic) operating along with many informal organizations such as platforms, initiatives, and groups. Their areas of work are mostly concentrated in social solidarity, delivering social services, education, health and various rights-based issues. Over the past years, the not-for-profit sector in Turkey has grown both in size and the level of participation, and played a significant role in providing services and contributing to the democratization of the country. Despite all of these developments, legal constraints and financial sustainability continue to pose a challenge for the future of the sector. It is of critical importance for CSOs to ensure their financial viability to make a difference in society and contribute to social change through their activities and work.