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This report explores the multiple roles and potential of CSOs in international policymaking and examines the strengths and weaknesses of CSOs and state-based organizations in global governance. It looks particularly closely at the resources, access, skills and experience that each group of actors brings to the table. It concludes that the infrastructure used to incorporate CSOs into the United Nations and other multilaterals must be strengthened and expanded if more integrated and effective forms of collaboration are to be developed and outlines policy recommendations how this goal can be accomplished.
This pamphlet, following on the heels of the initial pamphlet containing information about the community foundation concept, contains a practical example of this type of entity. Shannon St. John performed an in-depth study of Fundacio Tot Raval in 2007. The results of this study are set forth in this publication, confirming Fundacion Tot Raval as the first CF identified in Spain that satisfies all the international criteria for CFs.
The author delineates the program design progress and gives a closer look at several case studies. The discussion that follows highlights current trends and best practices in program design, and provides some direction for designing strategic funding programs. Building upon TCC Group's extensive experience in strategic philanthropy, this report is intended to assist grantmakers as they engage in increasingly complex giving to ensure that their philanthropic investments are focused and effective.
The author provides a detailed account of the work of foundation program managers and describes what personal qualities and professional competencies it requires to perform such work effectively. In addition, this paper suggests that a gap exists between the skills that some program professionals bring to their foundation positions and the skills needed to effect long-term change in fields - indirectly, as foundations necessarily must do. Accordingly, the author holds that foundations as output organizations must develop internal management as well as leadership capabilities in fields.
One of the most visible changes in philanthropy in the last twenty years has been the increased attention paid by foundations to the results of the activities they support. In The Role of Evaluation in the 21st Century Foundation, Edward Pauly, the principle author, presents the effective use of evaluation by foundations that seek to increase their focus on results, and the benefits and challenges of using evaluation effectively. Given that differing forms of evaluation produce different kinds of learning, the author suggests that foundations can avoid the problems that have limited the usefulness of evaluations by determining what they most need to learn; emphasizing the needs of the users of the evaluation; and closely aligning each evaluation with the purposes and goals of the foundation.
Foundations choose one rather than other course of action or grant presumably in the belief that it is more likely than some other grant or activity to contribute to the fulfillment of the foundation's mission of making a difference in its chosen field. What broad approaches and assumptions underlie these choices? How do foundations perceive "problems"? What do they perceive as the causes and solutions of problems? What theories of intervention do they operate with? What tools of change/intervention do they see as most effective and available to them alone or in cooperation with others? This paper outlines broad approaches to understanding social change and how it can be achieved. In addition, this paper begins the process of identifying key variables/constraints which need to be taken into account in constructing decision paths for donors, foundation staff and leadership.
The paper presents current American perspectives on stakeholder interactions in philanthropy, with the focus being on foundations. In particular, it demonstrates the human dynamics of these interactions and suggests how these interactions can be improved. Moreover, the paper includes brief descriptions of stakeholder interaction patterns for foundations in some other countries - Belgium, Brazil, Hong Kong, India, South Africa, Thailand and United Kingdom.
The authors explore and illuminate the range of vehicles through which charitable giving and philanthropy are practiced today on the global stage. Included in the discussion of each mechanism is an overview of its fundamental characteristics, its regional uses and variations, constraints and other considerations affecting broader global applications and additional information resources.
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