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An Analysis of the Application of Financial Action Task Force Recommendations and its Implication on Civil Society in Turkey

February 28, 2021

This information note sheds light on the policies and safeguards suggested by the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) against terrorist financing, money laundering, and financing of weapons of mass destruction and discusses theirimpact on civil society activities in Turkey. The Law on the Prevention of Financing of Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction (hereinafter referred to as "the Law") which entered into force on December 31, 2020; aims to mitigate these risks and comply with the FATF principles; however, these new measures will severely restrict civic space and stifle the activities of civil society organizations (CSOs). This document focuses on anti-money laundering (AML) and counter-terrorism financing (CTF) standards for civil society that were introduced by the FATF and analysis of the Law from the point of view of FATF Standards. It provides brief information about the FATF and mutual evaluation process, putting Turkey's membership to the FATF in perspective, and offering details of the Law and its analysis with regard to the FATF.  

Enabling environment and civic space; Europe

The Global Landscape of Philanthropy - Turkish Version

November 19, 2019

From a description of various forms of individual giving to the growing importance of community philanthropy and structured, institutional giving, the current report is an effort to bring back the diversity of the field of philanthropy at the center of the debate, by drawing a comprehensive and provocative picture of current trends and challenges of the field. The report also raises some of the questions and issues most critical and central to its development – from technology and shrinking civic space to power dynamics within philanthropy practice and concepts, to the evolving role and form of philanthropy infrastructure.

Philanthropy ecosystems and infrastructure

Monitoring Matrix on Enabling Environment for Civil Society Development The Civil Society Environment in Turkey 2017 Report

July 2, 2018

Third Sector Foundation of Turkey (TUSEV) published the Monitoring Matrix on Enabling Environment for Civil Society Development Turkey Country Report 2017, prepared in line with the Monitoring Matrix methodology. Developed under the Monitoring Enabling Environment for Civil Society Development Project coordinated by Balkan Civil Society Development Network (BCSDN) through 2012 and 2016, the Monitoring Matrix Methodology analyses the state of civil society in terms of Basic Legal Guarantees of Freedoms, CSO Financial Viability and Sustainability, and Government-CSO Relationship.

Data and technology, Information and Communications; Enabling environment and civic space

Individual Giving and Philanthropy in Turkey (Infographic)

November 1, 2016

Civil society organizations (CSOs) are at the heart of Turkey's democratization process. Today there are more than 109,000 associations and 5,075 new foundations (established after the Republic) operating along with many informal organizations such as platforms, initiatives, and groups. Their areas of work are mostly concentrated in social solidarity, delivering social services, education, health and various rights-based issues. Over the past years, the not-for-profit sector in Turkey has grown both in size and the level of participation, and played a significant role in providing services and contributing to the democratization of the country. Despite all of these developments, legal constraints and financial sustainability continue to pose a challenge for the future of the sector. It is of critical importance for CSOs to ensure their financial viability to make a difference in society and contribute to social change through their activities and work

Europe; Individual giving

Individual Giving and Philanthropy in Turkey (Executive Summary)

October 1, 2016

Civil society organizations (CSOs) are at the heart of Turkey's democratization process. Today there are more than 109,000 associations and 5,075 new foundations (established after the Republic) operating along with many informal organizations such as platforms, initiatives, and groups. Their areas of work are mostly concentrated in social solidarity, delivering social services, education, health and various rights-based issues. Over the past years, the not-for-profit sector in Turkey has grown both in size and the level of participation, and played a significant role in providing services and contributing to the democratization of the country. Despite all of these developments, legal constraints and financial sustainability continue to pose a challenge for the future of the sector. It is of critical importance for CSOs to ensure their financial viability to make a difference in society and contribute to social change through their activities and work.

Europe; Individual giving

Individual Giving and Philanthropy in Turkey (Full Report)

September 1, 2016

Civil society organizations (CSOs) are at the heart of Turkey's democratization process. Today there are more than 109,000 associations and 5,075 new foundations (established after the Republic) operating along with many informal organizations such as platforms, initiatives, and groups.Despite the importance of donations for the financial sustainability of CSOs, results of the "Individual Giving and Philanthropy in Turkey" (Report) conducted in 2015 in 68 of Turkey's 81 provinces with the participation of 2,495 respondents, show that giving through CSOs in Turkey is low. Also, compared to an earlier study conducted in 2004 and published by TUSEV in 2006, "Philanthropy in Turkey: Citizens, Foundations, and Pursuit of Social Justice" there has been a marked decrease in donations made to CSOs (from 18.4% in 2004 to 12.9% in 2015) in the past decade.

Cultures of Giving; Europe; Family, HNWI, and independent philanthropy

Turkey 2014 Progress Report

October 8, 2014

European Commission published the 2014 Progress Report for Turkey, covering the period from October 2013 to September 2014. The report is based on information gathered and analysed by the Commission. Many sources have been used, including contributions from the government of Turkey, the EU Member States, European Parliament reports, and information from various international and non-governmental organisations. The report briefly describes the relations between Turkey and the European Union; analyses the situation in Turkey in terms of the political and economic criteria for membership; and reviews Turkey's capacity to take on the obligations of membership.TUSEV compiled together relevant information from the 2014 Turkey Progress Report that concerns civil society in Turkey. More information is available here.

Europe; Philanthropy ecosystems and infrastructure

Private Philanthropic Engagement in Turkey

October 1, 2014

This report is funded by the Lodestar Foundationand commissioned by Synergos Institute to the ThirdSector Foundation of Turkey to give a snapshot ofthe current state of private philanthropic engagementin Turkey and its possible future directions asa background document for the discussions at TheGlobal Philanthropists Circle Peer Exchange takingplace in Istanbul, in October 2014. We hope that thereport will provide thought provoking inputs as anencouragement for enhanced coordination amongphilanthropists in Turkey.

Grassroots and community philanthropy; Impact investment, corporate, blended-finance

What Does Community Philanthropy Look Like? Case Studies on Community Philanthropy, Vol. 1

February 13, 2014

What makes the global spread of community philanthropy organizations so exciting is the variety of forms they take, adaptations to different local contexts, challenges, resources, and leaders. The core similarities matter -- all in some way help geographic communities mobilize financial and other kinds of capital for improvement of the lives of residents. But so do the differences. Some have endowments, some don't. Some are large, more are small. Some call themselves community foundations, others do not. This diversity is one sign of community philanthropy's flexibility, potential, and rising popularity.But it also presents a challenge to those who want to better understand and support community philanthropy, especially on a global level. A practice so varied, so organic and tied to local conditions, complicates classification, resists general conclusions, and calls for lots of learning through example. A movement relatively young and quickly evolving, with a limited body of applied research, requires ongoing documentation and study.The case studies presented here provide intriguing snapshots of locally driven development in communities across the globe.

Grassroots and community philanthropy

Active Participation in Civil Society: International Standards, Obstacles in National Legislation, Recommendations

February 1, 2014

The report aims to identify the legal obstacles before active participation in civil society in Turkey and present recommendations to overcome these obstacles. This study, which seeks to promote active participation, has been prepared with a comparative perspective in light of international standards. In identifying obstacles that stem from national legislation and provisions that forestall or hinder participation in civil society, the first consideration has been how the freedom of association is defined and restricted in international documents, case law issued by international mechanisms and in European Union (EU) standards. The freedom of association provides protection for numerous forms of organizing including political parties, unions and civil society organizations. However, in scope of this report the focus will specifically be on associations and foundations as non-governmental organizations.

Enabling environment and civic space; Europe

Civil Society Monitoring Report 2011: Executive Summary of the Findings and Recommendations

September 1, 2011

Due to the dynamic structure of civil society in Turkey, we decided to expand the scope of the 2010 report to yearly monitor and evaluate the developments in the civil society space. This report is TUSEV's first civil society monitoring report prepared on this occasion.

Enabling environment and civic space

Civil Society in Turkey: At a Turning Point

April 1, 2011

Civil society in Turkey is going through a rapid transformation. Civil society's building blocks, civil society organisations, are emerging as important actors in Turkey's development and democratisation agendas, while increasing in their numbers and impact. In this context, generating a useful and comprehensive knowledge base has a crucial role to play in promoting the health of the third sector in Turkey. TUSEV has strengthened the sector through its Publications and Research Programme, which has produced over 50 valuable publications on the third sector in Turkey. The CIVICUS Civil Society Index (CSI) project holds a special place among these initiatives. Not only did the first CSI implementation result in the first comprehensive and internationally comparative study on civil society in Turkey, but now the second implementation expands its scope even further and offers readers an opportunity to make comparisons over a five year period.

Enabling environment and civic space; Europe

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